First, form into groups of three and find out from each other what your cultural/ethnic backgrounds are. Some people believe that the term “people with hearing loss” is inclusive and efficient. Sign language / ASL awareness quiz. View Essay - ASL Culture questions #1 from ASL 121 at Clark College. Take your American Sign Language skills to the next level in this beginner-friendly ASL class that focuses on essential conversation signs. Question — What is wrong with the use of these terms “deaf-mute,” “deaf and dumb,” or “hearing-impaired”? What would be your favorite aspects of Deaf culture? According to Carol Padden and Tom Humphries, in Deaf in America: Voices from a Culture (1988): We use the lowercase deaf when referring to the audiological condition of not hearing, and the uppercase Deaf when referring to a particular group of deaf people who share a language – American Sign Language (ASL) – and a culture. Every individual is unique, but there is one thing we all have in common:  we all want to be treated with respect. To the best of our own unique abilities, we have families, friends, communities, and lives that are just as fulfilling as anyone else. SOME QUESTIONS TO ASK ABOUT CULTURE . Information about the Deaf Community and Deaf Culture will be introduced. Deaf and hard of hearing people have the right to choose what they wish to be called, either as a group or on an individual basis. 3. Deaf culture has often been described as being more blunt, frank and direct than hearing culture. That’s possible, too. There are variations in how a person becomes deaf or hard of hearing, level of hearing,  age of onset, educational background, communication methods, and cultural identity. (in Hartford), Laurent Clerc (deaf teacher from france) and Thomas Gallaudet (hearing american minister). Of course. Actually, ASL and English are very different. Why are there no English words offered as equivalent to ASL signs? (Source: Deaf Heritage, by Jack Gannon, 1980). There are countless questions you can ask to assess culture—below are just eight of them. To be taken after viewing the documentary “Through Deaf Eyes.”. Are all deaf people a part of Deaf Culture? Describe how seating is arranged. What is something in Deaf culture that is highly offensive/rude? The deaf and hard of hearing community is diverse. 11. c. 12. b, d. 13. a. What about being hard-of-hearing and functioning as a member of both the hearing and Deaf communities? Gallaudet realized Alice was very smart despite the fact that she couldn’t speak or hear, and wanted to teach Alice how to communicate. demographics and educational data regarding Deaf people in the US, in the field of Deaf education. Show your respect for people by refusing to use outdated or offensive terms. How people “label” or identify themselves is personal and may reflect identification with the deaf and hard of hearing community, the degree to which they can hear, or the relative age of onset. The ASL Questions Grammar Workbook is inside the resource library, along with a few other grammar workbooks. ASL has its own linguistic structure, slang, and even idioms. Many deaf … Two, “dumb” also has a second meaning:  stupid. In later years, “dumb” came to mean “silent.”  This definition still persists, because that is how people see deaf people. How many undergraduate and graduate degrees are offered at GU? Where and when was the first school for the Deaf? wave in their peripheral vision, tapping on certain body parts, or hitting a surface so they can create vibrations. Deaf Culture Big "D", Little "d" Deaf = refers to deaf adults and children who share the use of American Sign Language and Deaf culture deaf and hard of hearing NOT hearing impaired (has negative connotations) Let’s take a look at the three most-used alternative terms. American Sign Language is the same as English? The term is offensive to deaf and hard of hearing people for a number of reasons. Little d deaf means they either became Deaf at an older age and don't necessarily associate themselves with the ASL culture, and call themselves hearing impaired or disabled. Deaf Culture was first truly recognized in 1965. a person who knows ASL and chooses to speak without signing. If you are speaking with a non-signing person and a Dead person comes in the room, its commendable to serve as a. bridge for both people, relaying information to the Deaf person in between speaking to the non-signing person. The Task . 4. a. What happen in 1880 at the International Congress on the Education of the Deaf Conference in Milan, Italy? Nope, not even close. When in doubt, ask the individual how they identify themselves. Hearing-impaired – This term is no longer accepted by most in the community but was at one time preferred, largely because it was viewed as politically correct. This is a chance to make questions a part of the daily culture of the classroom. 9. b, c, d. 10. b. For many people, the words “deaf” and “hard of hearing” are not negative. This site creator is an ASL instructor and native signer who expresses love and passion for our sign language and culture What are strategically placed to make obstructed parts of room visible, or to see who is approaching from behind? 4. Obviously, this is incorrect, ill-informed, and false. The term focuses on what people can’t do. Whatever the decision, the NAD welcomes all Deaf, deaf, hard of hearing, late-deafened, and deaf-blind Americans, and the advocacy work that the NAD does is available to and intended to benefit everyone. What is the appropriate way for people to locate themselves and move among people in signing situations? Answers. Deaf Culture Quiz #7. The Greek philosopher, Aristotle, pronounced us “deaf and dumb,” because he felt that deaf people were incapable of being taught, of learning, and of reasoned thinking. ASL is a language of pictures and pantomime, ASL is a universal language, (3rd: ASL is a visual code for English-- its NOT really). NEW! The Deaf community may also include family members of Deaf people, sign language interpreters and people who work or socialize with Deaf people who identify with Deaf culture. You can learn Sign Language (ASL) at "American Sign Language University" which is an online sign language curriculum resource for students, instructors, interpreters, and parents of deaf children. They can participate in the social, cultural, political, and legal life of the community along with culturally-Deaf or live their lives completely within the parameters of the “Hearing world.”  But they may have a more difficult time establishing a satisfying cultural/social identity. Question — What is the difference between a person who is “deaf,” “Deaf,” or “hard of hearing”? Analysis Of Deaf Culture Interview . Big D Deaf means they either grew up deaf or went deaf at a young age and associate with the culture. In-Class Exercise #1 . (house or environment). True or False: 1. (confidence and pride wanted as the quality of education declined for Deaf people), It has a positive effect on general language development and enhances parent-child relationship. ASL is a language of pictures and pantomime, ASL is a universal language, (3rd: ASL is a visual code for English-- its NOT really) List at least one way the authors of your book suggest to prepare for class. Sometimes one signs hello in ASL in some contexts where one hasn't seen his/her friend for a long time. 6. Deaf-Mute – Another offensive term from the 18th-19th century, “mute” also means silent and without voice. However, as American Sign Language Teachers, we hope to spread this type of Deaf culture awareness in our classrooms to our students, and many of our answers to questions come from our experiences in interacting with the Deaf community. Deaf and Dumb — A relic from the medieval English era, this is the granddaddy of all negative labels pinned on deaf and hard of hearing people. True or False: Don't try to use your voice and sign at the same time, as it compromises both languages. We are used to hearing people's way. the world's largest collection of materials documenting the language and culture of Deaf people. The richness of their sign language affords them the possibilities of insight, invention, and irony.”  The relationship Deaf people have with their sign language is a strong one, and “the mistaken belief that ASL is a set of simple gestures with no internal structure has led to the tragic misconception that the relationship of Deaf people to their sign language is a casual one that can be easily severed and replaced.”  (Padden & Humphries). various indigenous signs were used where Deaf people were members of villages on the mainland. To be fair, this is probably not what people intended to convey by the term “hearing impaired.”. Or it can denote a deaf person who doesn’t have/want any cultural affiliation with the Deaf community. The members of this group have inherited their sign language, use it as a primary means of communication among themselves, and hold a set of beliefs about themselves and their connection to the larger society. 5. Q: The Deaf community has its own culture. Find GCSE resources for every subject. Watch: 10 Questions You Always Wanted to Ask a … That’s a delicate tightrope-balancing act, but it too is possible. What is an important aspect of visible cultural behavior among Deaf signers? A live teacher will guide the class in real-time, explaining and showing you how to sign introductions, greetings, important questions, and descriptions for common objects and places in your life. Plenty! According to Carol Padden and Tom Humphries, in Deaf in America: Voices from a Culture (1988): We use the lowercase deaf when referring to the audiological condition of not hearing, and the uppercase Deaf when referring to a particular group of deaf people who share a language – American Sign Language (ASL) – and a culture. What is the difference between being physically deaf and immersed in Deaf Culture? What are 3 ways to get a signers attention? What’s in a name? The ideal floor plan in a Deaf-friendly house is visually... open with walls that do not block views or present barriers to communication. “Hard-of-hearing” can denote a person with a mild-to-moderate hearing loss. A great introduction for ASL I students, this activity / self-quiz on Deaf culture, ASL, and common myths gets students thinking about what they know, and what they THINK they know. 7. c. 8. b, d . The idea that Deaf people had a culture of their own was first written in the Dictionary of American Sign Language by William Stokoe, Carl Croneberg, and Dorothy Casterline.. Study 11 Asl culture quiz 2 flashcards from April W. on StudyBlue. Q: Deaf people, as a whole, are good lip readers. ASL questions, commands, and other simple sentence structures are introduced to develop rudimentary conversational skills in ASL. What is a culturally appropriate way to identify a Deaf person? What place had a genetic pool that resulted in a large number of Deaf people in the community? hand-shape, movement, palm orientation, non-manuel markers, and location, The Gallaudet Research Institute is the source of ________, and continually innovates _________. As for the political dimension:  HOH people can be allies of the Deaf community. 5. c. 6. a. Padden and Humphries comment, “this knowledge of Deaf people is not simply a camaraderie with others who have a similar physical condition, but is, like many other cultures in the traditional sense of the term, historically created and actively transmitted across generations.”  The authors also add that Deaf people “have found ways to define and express themselves through their rituals, tales, performances, and everyday social encounters. What is perceived/what is lost (and not culturally correct) in Deaf culture? Ranging from language, culture, and everyday life; This also includes an answer key with short explanations to guide . Other people identify themselves as “deaf-blind,” which usually indicates that they are deaf or hard of hearing and also have some degree of vision loss. Again, because deaf and hard of hearing people use various methods of communication other than or in addition to using their voices, they are not truly mute. Deaf Awareness Quiz. To declare oneself or another person as deaf or blind, for example, was considered somewhat bold, rude, or impolite. View ASL_Critical_Thinking_Questions_Unit_1_DropBox.docx from ASL 1 SL1 at Saddleback College. What significant even occurred at Gallaudet University in 1988? Sign Language Isn’t Universal. Tell me about some traditions, celebrations or rituals your family participates in? Art with American sign language (ASL) and deafness themes is readily available through vendors focusing on products for and by deaf and hard of hearing artists. Early Intervention for Infants and Toddlers, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Coalition of Organizations for Accessible Technology, 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act, Statewide Vocational Rehabilitation Services, Tips for Developing an Individualized Family Services Plan, Bill of Rights for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children, Section 504 and ADA Obligations of Public Schools, State and Local Colleges and Universities, Private Colleges and Other Post-Secondary Institutions, ADA Obligations of Private Schools, Classes, or Programs, Access to Televised Emergency Information, Discrimination and Reasonable Accommodations, Culturally Affirmative and Linguistically Accessible Services, Model Mental Health For Deaf and Hard of Hearing Individuals Bill of Rights Act, Promoting a Bill of Rights to Ensure Appropriate Direct Mental Health Services for Individuals Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing, Hospitals and Other Health Care Facilities, Questions and Answers for Health Care Providers, Communication Access Funds for Legal Services, Communication Access with Police and Law Enforcement, Communication Access in State and Local Courts, Rights of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Inmates, Coverage of Hearing Aids by Health Care Benefits Plans, Communication Access Realtime Translation, Accessible Telecommunications Equipment and Services, Internet Protocol Relay (IP Relay) Service, Introductory Remarks at the FCC Workshop on VRS Reform, Ten-Digit Numbers and 9-1-1 Emergency Services, Exemptions from the Closed Captioning Rule, UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Hotline for Air Travelers with Disabilities. Can one be hard-of-hearing and function as hearing? They use sign language, lip-reading, vocalizations, and so on to communicate. Running head: WHAT IS MY NAME 1 I want a name sign; how do I get one, ASL as a language Daniale R. Thornton Clark College, However, some people who were born deaf or hard of hearing do not think of themselves as having lost their hearing. kitchen or living room (everyday life happens). The HOH dilemma:  in some ways hearing, in some ways deaf, in others, neither. Deaf Culture #7. What happen in 1960's with ASL and linguists? ASL U is located at Lifeprint.com. why is the word "Deaf" used in Deaf culture? © 2021 National Association of the Deaf. Deaf Awareness Quiz. Describe how the lights are in ones house? In math, they can ask questions about processes and problem-solving. Do you see being deaf as a disability, why or why not? Over the years, the most commonly accepted terms have come to be “deaf,” “Deaf,” and “hard of hearing.”. There Is One Universal Sign Language. Then “interview” one another using the questions below to get as much Misconceptions. They can ask diagnostic questions … to focus on the signer's face and view their signing with your peripheral vision. signing, gestures, writing/typing, third person, and lipreading/speech, True or False: Don't let a Deaf person know you sign, False (Let the Deaf person know you sign), True or False: Avoid spoken English or using voice without relaying information in ASL, True or False: Don't let the Deaf person set the communication mode. Instead, the term “hearing-impaired” is viewed as negative. Deaf and hard of hearing people have encountered plenty of people who subscribe to the philosophy that if you cannot use your voice well, you don’t have much else “upstairs,” and have nothing going for you. ASL is not English, it is its own language. Learn faster with spaced repetition. True communication occurs when one’s message is understood by others, and they can respond in kind. At that time, it was thought better to use the word “impaired” along with “visually,” “hearing,” “mobility,” and so on. they recognized ASL as a distinct language. Deaf Cultural Arts . What is a signed language? Individuals can choose an audiological or cultural perspective. Where would video phones/computers with web cameras be placed? His neighbor, Mason Fitch Cogswell, had a deaf daughter who was nine years old named Alice Cogswell.Dr. Have you ever experienced oppression by hearing people's denial of Deaf Culture and ASL as a language? Take a fun sign language / ASL awareness quiz to find out how much you're aware about the nature of language. "WH" questions: Eyebrows down Yes/No questions: Eyebrows up The End! Deaf Culture #2. Or both. This was a huge step for Deaf people. seating is arranged to make sure people can see each other easily and also keep the door in sight. However, September is a time of year where we can dedicate ourselves to increasing awareness around Deaf issues, culture, and people. The deaf culture had that had taken root in the schools for deaf children cropped up all across the country in deaf clubs for adults. Yet there are many people who persist in using terms other than “deaf” and “hard of hearing.”  The alternative terms are often seen in print, heard on radio and television, and picked up in casual conversations all over. While American Sign Language is used in the United States and Canada, most countries have their own distinct sign languages. To his way of thinking, if a person could not use his/her voice in the same way as hearing people, then there was no way that this person could develop cognitive abilities. 3. The signs for male “gender” are: The “masculine” area of the face is near the forehead. What percentage of Deaf children are born into Deaf families? What percentage of deaf children had shearing families that use ASL and embrace Deaf culture? Q: The only communication mode the Deaf community utilizes is Sign Language. Study ASL Deaf Culture Quiz (on final) flashcards from Angel Thornsbury's UofL class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. What also contributed to the naturally formed signing communities? The history of American Sign Language really started in 1814 with Dr. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet.Gallaudet was a minister from Hartford, Connecticut. Language and culture are inseparable. It implies that something is not as it should be and ought to be fixed if possible. Deaf Culture Quiz Lesson #2. After the decisions of the International Congress on the Education of the Deaf Conference, how did the Deaf community react? This question can … What percentage of deaf children are raised in hearing families that don't sign? We distinguish them from, for example, those who find themselves losing their hearing because of illness, trauma or age; although these people share the condition of not hearing, they do not have access to the knowledge, beliefs, and practices that make up the culture of Deaf people. Oral instruction was favored over sign language, which led to the banning of signing in classrooms but was tolerant outside of class. However it's not commonly found in ASL culture, you can still greet good+morning in ASL. One, deaf and hard of hearing people are by no means “silent” at all. The challenge lies with the fact that to successfully modulate your voice, you generally need to be able to hear your own voice. 1. hearing impaired, deaf and hard of hearing, and people with hearing loss. Schools across the country offer American Sign Language certificates and degrees, from small community colleges to large urban universities. Q1. Communication is not reserved for hearing people alone, and using one’s voice is not the only way to communicate. What are the 5 strategies Deaf people might use to communicate with you? It establishes the standard as “hearing” and anything different as “impaired,” or substandard, hindered, or damaged. waving, tapping, or using an intermediary. It’s all about choices, comfort level, mode of communication, and acceptance. Use this list to explore the many options available for learning American Sign Language, studying Deaf culture, or gaining the skills needed to become an ASL/English interpreter. 2. Words and labels can have a profound effect on people. But my whole family knows sign language, so it's easy communicating with them. Gallaudet selected a president who was hearing and didn't know ASL, so students protested and succeeded in appointing the first Deaf president of the university. Deaf Life, “For Hearing People Only” (October 1997). 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