(contributed by Maryam Imbumi in Organic Resource Management in Kenya, 2003). It is best served with chapati, rice or ugali. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars were selected in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. Covering the seedbed with a fine-mesh material is useful to protect seedlings. Periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields. Flea beetle Phyllotreta mashonana feeding on young okra pod. The Australian New Crops Newsletter, Issue No. You will thus expeditiously see that every inquiry can be answered by a bureau competent in video marketing in Kenya. In Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of Spider plant’s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers. Year 2: Cleome gynandra is a neglected and underutilized leafyvegetable with strong potential for improved nutrition and health in Africa. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars will be developed in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. (AVRDC). Sprinkle water on heaps of produce sparingly. Propagation is done by seed. The above provides 4 to 6 medium portions. Harvest the young spider plant leaves including the stem tips then remove the leaf stalks. Not a traditional vegetable of the Central Bantu. Spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC. The manual will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop. After several successive leaf harvestings, the plants are left to flower and produce seeds. Add 1 teaspoon of salt then vegetables and boil over a medium fire for 10 minutes. This reduces the bitterness. Because aphid populations are generally clumped within fields, each field should be uniformly sampled. Aphids can be serious pests during dry weather. Uprooting (Week 11-13): This is mostly done in commercial production by uprooting the whole plant. Damage may also reduce seed viability. Savala, C.E.N., Omare, M.N. Optimum yields could be obtained with an application of 20 to 30 tons of manure per hectare. The spider plants are erect herbs growing to a height of ½ -1metre depending on management. The majority of spiders in Kenya don't cause much harm. Pests and diseases are not usually serious and spraying with insecticides is not recommended even when aphids appear to become problematic. and Mnzava N.A. Black Button Spiders can inject strong neurotoxic venom, potentially causing heart palpitations, severe anxiety, chest pains and difficulty breathing. However, these spiders are shy, retreating, and not aggressive. By themselves leaves are bitter. Remove and destroy infested leaves. A Beginners Guide to Onion Farming in Kenya Jul 22nd 2016 50 percent of the red onions in Kenya are imported from Tanzania, as indicated by Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) 2014 report.... Continue reading → Weeding in and around fields may help to eliminate flea beetle shelters and breeding sites, reducing crop damage. Updated 28 November 2018. There are usually narrow pathways between the beds to facilitate weeding and harvesting. Pure stands in Nairobi were observed to be attacked by flea beetles (Phyllotreta mashonana). Plants can be grown on flat beds or on traditional raised beds, which are normally one m wide. Spider plants produce a rosette of long, thin, arched foliage that is solid green or variegated with white.These easy-to-grow houseplants look especially nice in a hanging basket and were a favorite in Victorian-era households. Transplanting has proved unsuccessful. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is a clean air plant that suits any decor. Spider Plants for Sale Online. This manual is a guide in the production of potatoes in Kenya, focusing on ware production. Aims: Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is one of the most important traditional vegetables in Kenya, albeit underutilized. (EcoPort) Seeds can be extracted when the pods are fully ripe (yellow or black), but before they open naturally. Many herbs are able to thrive in conditions under which other plants and vegetables are unable to grow … The first harvests consist of thinned plants. Spider plant exists as semi-cultivated indigenous leafy vegetable with ecological, social and cultural values in most home gardens in Kenya. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Indian Spider Plant. About four g of seed per m2 or 40 kg per ha are required. The crop is a rich source of vitamins A and C and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and protein. Conserve natural enemies. Check the plants regularly. This will help to select the most nutritious varieties. Photographic images and information about spiders and other Arachnids in the East Africa nation of Kenya (Eds.). CHART 11: Harvesting spider plant vegetable Spider plant is ready for harvesting starting from 45-60 days after germination. Wageningen UR tested spider plant germplasm for variation in anthocyanin production and nutritional characteristics. The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. In order to develop the best agronomic practices for higher leaf yields, the team conducted field trials with the most promising varieties in Benin. and Woomer, P.L. National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi. In case of a mixed cultivation with amaranths or nightshades, spider plants are uprooted to make more space for the companion crop. In the following morning, the shoots are dipped in water for 30 minutes. High in vitamins and micronutrients, spider plant contributes to a healthy diet for many rural Africans with limited food budgets. Variation in anthocyanin Maundu, P.M., Ngugi, G.W. Place into a pot containing 1/4 litre of water. Next add 1/4 litre of dilute coconut milk and boil for 10 minutes. The spider mite Tetranychus evansi has a broad range of host plants. More people are aware of the nutritional and medicinal qualities of the plant and integrate it into their eating habits. Kenya Electricity Hydro-Power Generation to Fall to 45% in 2014; Kenya Ranked Eighth Largest Global Geothermal Producer; State Plans Two More Hydro-Electric Power Dams On Tana River This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 18:57 (UTC). Damage may be of importance when flea beetles are present in large numbers, especially during the seedling stage. Shallow planting at one cm depth and with 30 cm between rows or broadcasting followed by raking on prepared seedbeds is recommended. This encourages the development of side shoots. (1997). Traditional Food Plants in Kenya. This crop grows rapidly and requires weeding only in the open space between the rows. When cooked, mix both then mash in one pot. Organic manure is applied and worked into the soil. Plants do not have dense foliage, and as such are unable to compete with weeds. Livestock production as a whole contributes about 13.4 percent (USD 3.1 billion) to agricultural value added (cattle being the most important contributor) (KNBS, 2017). The plant is either cultivated or harvested from the wild. Water obtained after boiling leaves is used to treat diarrhea (Luo) (P Maundu et al., 1999). It is a fast-growing plant that is ready for harvest in as few as three weeks. Cat's whiskers. and Kabuye, C.H.S. Biopesticides are derived from micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc), plants (neem, pyrethrum, etc) and natural enemies of pests (parasitoids, predators and pathogens). 270 pp. Objectives • Assemble a germplasm collection of 100 spider plant accessions from Africa and Asia; • Characterize and evaluate the Method: Screening of a worldwide collection of spider plant for nutritive value, drought resistance and leaf yield will be conducted and new varieties will be developed using genomics assisted breeding. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Leaves are boiled, butter added and eaten along with ugali made from finger millet flour. Upscaling cultivation of Cleome gynandra in urban and peri-urban areas will provide an additional source of income for farmers and seed companies and a source of health-beneficial compounds for consumers. When rainfall is inadequate, frequent watering is necessary during the vegetative growth period (Chweya and Mnzava,1997; Savala et al, 2003). The team collected data about the agronomic performance as well as farmers’ perceptions on Spider plant cultivation during two growing seasons. Young leaves of spider plant are widely used as spinach in Africa. President Uhuru Kenyatta inaugurated the Volkswagen production line at Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers Limited in Thika. This may be eaten with apoth (Asystasia mysorensis) as mboga. Farmers practising organic conservation farming in Kakamega have been observed incorporating leaves and stems of bitter plants in the soil with the aim of keeping off nematodes in vegetable gardens. – Also to ensure that the plant is not affected by diseases one should pluck the drying leaves. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. Onyango CM, Kunyanga CN, Ontita EG, Narla RD, Kimenju JW. In Kenya, Latrodectus renivulvatus seems to be the only species present. The crop grows well during the warm season under irrigation. Knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Concurrently, scanty information is available on its potential for vegetable and seed production. H.E. Rapport GTB-1130 Vegetable chains in Kenya Production and consumption of vegetables in the Nairobi metropolis Carin van der Lans1, Harriëtte Snoek2, Fannie de Boer3 and Anne Elings1 1 Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture 2 Wageningen UR Agricultural Economics Research Institute 3 Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innnovation Kenya's native plants include the Meru Oak and the Parasol Tree, both of which are threatened endemic species.The country has diversified plant life that occurs in different parts of the country from the coastal regions to the savannah grassland areas and the highland forests. The adults vary in colour from shiny black or metallic grey to black with yellow stripes on the wing cases. Mgagani (Swahili), Thageti (Kikuyu), Tsisaka (Luhya), Alot-dek (Luo), Saget (Kalenjin), Chinsaga (Kisii), Mwianzo (Kamba), Jjobyu (Luganda), Yobyu (Lusoga), African cabbage, African spider flower, African spider plant, Spider wisp, Cat's whiskers, (c) Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis, Unless otherwise stated, all content on the Infonet Biovision Website is licensed under a, General Information and Agronomic Aspects, Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Disease (TYLCV), Bio-pesticide: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), Indigenous vegetable production and utilization, Organic Resource Management in Kenya: Perspectives and Guidelines. There are no records of plant diseases, possibly as a result of natural plant selection (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). Also included under biopesticides are semiochemicals (e.g. In Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of Spider plant’s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers. Emergence is normally from 6 to 8 days after sowing. It has been reported that full-grown plants of sunnhemp placed between bags of maize have the effect of keeping away all insects. The larvae generally feed on the plant roots, but usually do not cause economic damage. November 21, 2013. Through this initiative, the first wide West Africa collection of the species established and Kenyan collection improved. Spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC. Kenya Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge. Heavy attack on older plants may cause crop loss by decreasing flower and capsule production. The seedbed is then levelled before planting. In East Africa, fresh leaves are used as ingredients in other mashed foods, and the dried leaves are ground and incorporated in weaning foods. In case of monocropping, which is more common, the tops are removed 10 cm from the ground. This helps reduce further infestations. Dairy cattle production in Kenya is the second largest contributor to the agricultural GDP (Kosgey et al., 2011). spider plant for Benin and Kenya markets. Small aphid populations may be relatively harmless, but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted growth and deformed pods. The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. Text is … 2003. Researchers are exploring the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leafyield. It is therefore essential that seedbeds are kept weed-free at all times, but especially during the first six weeks. Weed control at early growth stages is critical. There, find links to more plants belonging to the same family. When raised beds are used, application of organic manure is delayed until the beds have been dug (Chweya and Mnzava,1997). Shallow cultivation or hand-pulling of weeds should be practised (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997) Spider plant responds well to well-decomposed manure. Prof. Dorcas K. Isutsa, (Chuka University) 2. Spider plant is used as a vegetable, and as such adds important nutrients to the diet in rural areas of East and Southern Africa. This ethnobotanics research will be used to prepare factsheets and brochures with recipe ideas and information about the nutraceutical properties. Year 3: To stimulate the cultivation of the nutritious Spider plant in West- and East Africa, the research team first collected and documented 164 wild and cultivated Spider plant varieties (accessions) in West Africa and 59 varieties in Kenya. Cutting tender stems (Week 14-16): This is commonly done Root infusion used for chest pain (Makueni); vegetable a cure for constipation (Luo). Names of Indian Spider Plant in various languages of the world are also given. Farmers are known to take appropriate steps to adapt only when they perceive change to be taking place. But calledmwangani in Swahili, spider plant is highly nutritious and is well adapted to many African ecosystems. Researchers explored the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leaf yield. Eggs are laid in the soil near the host plant. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of how the climate is changing is vital to anticipating its impacts. Some farmers mix the seeds with sand when broadcasting them. Usually cooked with other vegetables such as cowpeas, amaranth (Luhya, Pokot, Luo) and spider plant (Pokot). Despite the numerous nutritive benefits and ethnopharmacological uses of the plant, C. … (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). Testing panels and farmers’ field schools are also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. List of various diseases cured by Indian Spider Plant. Spider plant is a poor competitor with weeds. In Benin, Niger, Togo and Ghana, recipes and traditional uses were collected among 32 ethnic groups. It requires exposure to sunlight and does not do well in the shade. To mix with other vegetables, boil Amaranth leaves and spider plant separately. Although the plants are able to tolerate short-term drought, periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields (AVRDC). In western Kenya, milk is added and preferably left overnight in a pot. », Please download the factsheet with interim findings of this Applied Research Fund Call 1 project. Indigenous Spider Plant (saga/saget) 135 KSh. Quick description Grown for its leaves Very nutritious vegetable Long harvesting period ... Kenya Seed Agent Application Form (809 downloads) Kenya Seed Products Catalogue (3017 downloads) Aphids are a major pest, causing leaves to curl and become unattractive to customers. Leaves mixed with those of kandhira (Brassica carinata) are boiled, made into lumps, dried in the sun and stored in a clay pot (agulu) as a dry-season food (Luo). The leaves are eaten as a cooked green vegetable, have a mildly bitter taste and contain 5% protein, 6% carbohydrates and are high in vitamins A and C, calcium, phosphorus and iron. insect sex pheromes), enzymes (proteins) and natural plant regulators and insect growth regulators. In Kenya, it grows from sea level to 2400 metres (Savala et al, 2013). It thrives on sandy loam soils but does not perform well on wet, marshy and heavy clay soils. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. 2. The species is a fast-growing vegetable and medicinal plant, rich in phytonutrients and an important source of income for some rural communities in Southern Benin. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate spider plant germplasm for agronomic traits pertinent to seed and vegetable production. Thinning is done three weeks after emergence to leave 10 to 15 cm between plants (EcoPort). The flowers are rather showy, long and bearing many small white or pink flowers. Control of T. evansi has been a big challenge to tomato farmers due to its fast rate of reproduction, development of resistance to chemical pesticides and its ability to use weeds as alternative hosts when the tomato plants are not … Kenyan horticulturists could see a comeback in the market for aromatic herbs and this is due to two important factors: a growing demand for herbs on the export market and the agricultural reintroduction of indigenous herbal ingredients for Kenyan cuisine. It may be planted on traditional raised or flat beds. Seeds should be sown at the onset of rainfall. The elongate fruit resembles a pod, but is referred to as a capsule, containing many small, dark seeds. Flea beetles are tiny to small with enlarged hindlegs that enable them to jump long distance when disturbed. The appropriate bed length depends on the amount of the crop to be grown, but may not exceed three metres. Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is an important African leafy vegetable (ALV) that has been used by local African communities as a source of nutrition in their diets for many years.The plant has recently attracted an increasing demand for its highly nutritive and health promoting bioactive compounds important in combating malnutrition and reducing human degenerative diseases. Aim: Raising awareness of the nutritional characteristics of the spider plant (Cleome gynandra) and promoting its cultivation and consumption in Benin and Kenya. Aphids (Myzus persicae). Aphids tend to be more common along upwind field borders and next to other leafy vegetable crops or weeds; so initial sampling should be focused in these areas. Plants require water two or three times a week. Spider plant is commonly found throughout East and Southern Africa during the rainy season. This helps controlling low, initial infestations. These pathways also act as drainage channels during the very wet season, as plants do not withstand waterlogging. These leaves can be dried and stored for later use, usually as a relish eaten with maize meal. They are unpleasant to look at and their webs can cause a mess. Seeds should be kept in a dry, closed container for at least three months to reduce dormancy (AVRDC). The crop can be harvested in two ways: 1. They are common in western Kenya, Nyanza and major urban markets in the country. Spider plant is an erect herbaceous annual herb with hairy, often purple stems and many branches growing to a height of about one metre. New knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Topping and removing inflorescences as soon as they appear are other practices that increase leaf production for harvesting. The Spider Plant is an excellent air-purifying house plant and very easy to grow. From Button to Common House Spider, we can give you more information about these creatures to help you get over your fears. The team also documented 52 recipes from 23 ethnic groups in 21 counties in Kenya. Testing panels and farmers’ field schools were also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. – A banana plant takes around 8-12 months to reach maturity, while a fruit takes roughly 90-150 days to be ready for harvesting, the fruit is light green in color and has shiny appearance. Seeds are sown directly in a well prepared seedbed. 11, January 1999. When repeated at regular intervals, this method knocks aphid populations down to acceptable levels. "Current status on production and utilization of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) an underutilized leafy vegetable in Kenya." Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. Leaves (often with flowers) widely used as vegetable in Kenya, especially in western and coastal regions. Experiments are also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. Aphids feed by sucking plant sap. This project has been finalized. The leaves are usually cooked when fresh but may also be dried and stored for up to two years although this practice greatly reduces the crop's nutrition value. Wash the leaves with clean water and cut into small pieces. Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. The researchers assessed the quantitative variation in carotenoids, tocopherols and chlorophylls in 48 varieties. Destroy aphids by rubbing them off, or by gently pressing the infested stems or leaves between your fingers. It plays a significant role in the food and nutrition security of local communities. Where possible, roots should be placed in water overnight to absorb moisture. This ensures availability of adequate soil moisture throughout the growth period. When leaves are cooked, mash in pot and add oil (or cow fat). Dutch policy goals: Increased sustainable agricultural production; and Improved access to nutrition. This page presents a representative sample of a very few Kenya plant species. New knowledge have been generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Its lovely arching flower stems are best displayed as a hanging plant. It requires a well-prepared seedbed without weeds and dug to a depth of about 15 cm followed by a light harrowing. This food is rich in magnesium and iron, as well as nicotinic acid. Apply a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids from attacked plants. Ⓒ Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. At the top left of each page the user should find a hierarchal menu including a link to the family classification of the plant discussed. Source PROTA. Using a separate sufuria pot fry onions till brown, add tomatoes then vegetables and 1/4 litre of thick coconut milk (or fresh cow's milk), then cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Availability: In Stock & Ready to Ship. Spider plant is believed to replenish blood and therefore referred to as a "traditional meat" by some Kenyan communities (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997; Savala et al, 2003). Here’s how to grow spider plants in your home! Cleome gynandra is one of the most promising African leafy vegetables consumed in most parts of Africa. The leaves and seeds of spider plant are used in indigenous medicine in several countries. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. Enhancing Production, Postharvest handling, Value Addition and Marketing of Indigenous vegetables (Cowpea, Nightshade, pumpkin, Amaranth, Spider plant), Mushrooms and French Beans among Smallholder Farmers in Kenya Lead Scientist: Prof John H. Nderitu, MKU Collaborators: 1. For farmers … November 21, 2013 ) them to jump long distance when disturbed Latrodectus renivulvatus seems be! 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